lundi 3 juin 2013


 of Stanley Paine

Specialist on Spanish History,
  about Spain and Islam
Posted: 02 Jun 2013 

Spanish gentleman,by El Greco

Recently,in 2010,Stanley G. Paine,American expert on Spanish civilization and history,published a scholarly analysis of Spanish history.His book was first in Spanish and then in 2011 published in English as “Spain:a Unique History”.
Chapter 2 of his book is “Spain and Islam:The Myth of Al-Andalus” and here I cite his conclusions textually so that nobody can say a paraphrase of mine does not represent him.The only modification of mine is that I enumerate some of his statements.
But first,about the Christian Martyrs of Cordoba (850-055 AD)
Some 50 Christians were executed for criticizing Muhammad and the Koran.
But that is not all,we have documentary evidence that people in the Golden Age of Muslim Spain were executed only because they had left Islam,they had not even criticized it.Read it,it’s very moving indeed.

The book “Christian Martyrs in Muslim Spain” 

by Kenneth Baxter Wolf
Here is what Stanley Paine wrote about the subject
“To the extent that the medieval Spanish experienced any genuine conviviencia:
1.This did not take place in Al-Andalus,where Christians completely disappeared
2.But in the Reconquest Christian kingdoms from the late eleventh century on.
3.The era from the mid-thirteenth to mid-fourteenth centuries has been called the “Mudejar century”,for by then the incorporation of Muslim minorities had reached its height,and a certain amount of cultural diffusion took place.In the conquered southern cities,Spanish architecture introduced its distinctive style of impressive facades but retained the existing Muslim configuration of narrow,winding streets with little public space.
Christian architecture was considerably superior and had little to learn from that of the Muslims,but Andalusi or Mudejar architectural decoration generally won favor and became a common Spanish motif during this era.
The public baths that existed in medieval Spain were probably not so much a matter of Islamic influence as of the Roman tradition,for at that time they sometimes existed beyond the Pyrenees as well,being eliminated throughout Europe by the sixteenth century.”
What is Mudejar?
The author sometimes uses this term and it comes from the Arabic Mudajjan, ”domesticated”.It is the name given to the Muslims of Al-Andalus who remained in Iberia after the Christian  reconquest but were not converted to Christianity.
Something similar happened in Poland
The difference was that in Spain the Jews were later discriminated and finally expelled in 1492,but not in Poland,they had their autonomy and rights until the disappearance of Poland in the later 18th century.

Polish kingdom,1600

“The Golden Age of the Jews in Poland,from 1334-1795,
about 450 Years”
Stanley Paine also wrote:
“Ultimately,what took place between Christians and Muslims:
1.Was a form of coexistence not equivalent to Americo Castro’s convivencia.
2.There were individual conversions,primarily of Jews and Muslims to Christianity,and also a certain number of mixed marriages(commonly of a Christian man with a Muslim woman),but the kind of cultural assimilation from among much of the Jewish population did not generally extend to Muslims.
3.Technical borrowing in esthetics,economic production and technology took place on both sides,but the Mudejar minority showed no sign of general assimilation,even though it seems to have had a kind of hybrid culture,Islamic in its fundamentals of religion and thought,marriage and family,food and dress,though partially assimilated in its economic life.
Bernard Vincent has judged that “Morisco and Christian culture clashed nearly every respect.Their two styles of life were diametrically opposed.The inner organization of Morisco homes and the way houses were grouped in neighborhoods in no way resembled the way in which Christian did such things”
Christians were offended by the sound of Muslim music and ceremonies,the scent of the perfume Muslims used,and the bright color of their clothing,whose style and tone were so different from the more austere Spanish manner.They found equally offensive such basic domestic practices as sitting on the floor to eat without tables,chairs or benches,and sleeping on the floor in standard oriental style on mats rather than in beds.”
The Bibliography at the end of Chapter 2 (Spain and Islam:The Myth of Al-Andalus)of Stanley G. Paine’s “Spain:a Unique History”(2011)
1.E. Karsh,”Islamic Imperialism:A History”(2006)
2.P. Fregosi,”Jihad in the West:Muslim Conquests from the 7th to the 21st Centuries”(1998)
3.P.Damian Cano,”El Islam y los pueblos ibericos/Islam and the Iberian peoples”(2004)
4.C.Vidal Manzanares,”Espana frente al Islam:De Mahoma a Ben Laden/Spain face to face with Islam:from Muhammad to Ben Laden”(2004)
5.I.V.Gaiduk,”The Great Confrontation:Europe and Islam through the Centuries”(2003)
6.M.Bonner,”Jihad in Islamic History:Doctrines and Practice”(2006)
7.R.Collins,”The Arab Conquest of Spain,710-797″(1989).
It is the second volume of the multivolume “Blackwell’s History of Spain”,edited by John Lynch.
8.P.Chalmeta,”Invasion e islamizacion:La sumision de Hispania y la formacion de Al-Andalus”(2003)
9.T.F.Glick,”Islamic and Christian Spain in the Early Middle Ages:Comparative Perspectives on Social and Cultural Formation”(1979)
10.P.Guichard,”De la expansion arabe a la Reconquista:Esplendor y fragilidad de Al-Andalus”(2002)
11.P.Guichard,”Al-Andalus:Estructura antropologica de una sociedad islamica en Occidente”(1976)
It shows the complete predominance of oriental culture and forms.
12.A.G.Chejne,”MuslimSpain:Its History and Culture”(1974)
13.M.G.S.Hodgson,”The Venture of Islam:Conscience and History in a World Civilization”,3 volumes(1974)
14.M.G.S.Hodgson,”Rethinking World History:Essays on Europe,Islam and World History“(1993)
15.J.Van Ess,”The Flowering of Muslim Theology”(2006)
16.S.Gouguenheim,”Aristoteles y el Islam:Las raices griegas de la Europa cristiana/Aristotle and Islam:the Greek Roots of Christian Europe” (2009)
17.J.Vernet,”El Islam y Europa“(1982)
18.R.Segal,”Islam’s Black Slaves:The Other Black Diaspora“(2001)
19.J.H.Sweet,”The Iberian Roots of American Racist Thought”
It is about the influence and example of Islam in the early development of slavery among the Spanish and Portuguese.
20.R.C.Davis,”Christian Slaves,Muslim Masters:White Slavery in the Mediterranean,the Barbary Coast and Italy,1500-1800″(2003)
21.E.G.Friedman,”Spanish Captives in North Africa in the Early Modern Age“(1983)
22.M.A.Garces,”Cervantes in Algiers:A Captive’s Tale“(2002)
23.B.Lewis,”Race and Slavery in the a Middle East:An Historical Inquiry“(1992)
24.B.Vincent,”La cultura morisca”,Historia 16 18(October 1977),pages 78-95.
25.L.Cardaillac,”Moriscos y Cristianos:Un Enfrentamiento polemico/a polemical confrontation(1492-1640)”(1979)
26.E.K.Neunoven,”Los arabismos del espanol en el siglo XIII/Arabisms in Spanish in the 13th century”(1941)
27.E.Alfonso,”La construccion de la identidad judia en el Al-Andalus en la Edad Media/The contrstruction of Jewish Identity in Al-Andalus in the Middle Ages“,El Olivo 23.49(1999),pages 5-24.
28.Martinez Torres,”Prisioneros de los infieles:Vida y rescate de los cautivos cristianos en el mediterraneo musulman(siglos XVI-XVII)/Prisoners of the infidels:Life and rescue of Christian captives in the Muslim Mediterranean(16th-17th centuries)“(2007)
29.A.Torrecillas Velasco,”Dos(Two) civilizaciones en conflicto:Espana en el Africa musulmana:Historia de una guerra(war) de 400 anos(years)(1497-1927)(2006)
30.M.Arribas Palau,”La relaciones hispano magrebies en el siglo XVIII”(2007)
31.S.Fanjul,”Al-Andalus contre Espana:La forja del mito/Al-Andalus against Spain:the Making of a Myth”(2000)
31.S.Fanjul,”La quimera de Al-Andalus/The Al-Andalus Chimera”(2004)

a Jewish Believer in Jesus(Jonathan Bernis) about Islam
Posted: 02 Jun 2013

Richardson’s blog is here
First,here are the other videos where he appears:
“A Joel Richardson Interview,where he gives Some Reasons why the Antichrist will be a Muslim,the Mahdi”
“The 2nd Joel Richardson Interview,and he gives More Reasons why the Antichrist will be the Muslim Mahdi”
Plus a collection of articles detailing his fascinating arguments and ideas
They are in French but you can translate using Google Translate
“Recueil de Tous les Articles sur Joel Richardson et son Hypothese que l’Antechrist sera le Mahdi de l’Islam”
Here is the video


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